Wines In ItalyItalian wine is predominantly produced in each of the following regions of Italy, home to a large part of the world's oldest and best wine-making regions. Italy is now the largest producer of perishable wine, with a volume of 715,000 ha in cultivation, and contributing annually to a total of 48.3 million liters of wine. Of this volume, nearly half comes from Veneto where the bulk of Italian white and red wine is grown, and another quarter comes from Trentino where the majority of green wines are grown. Italian wine production has traditionally focused on producing country-based wines, most of which are based on local grape varieties. However, since the 1990s there has been a renewed interest in Italian wines internationally, with a growing number of wineries based in France, California, Chile, New Zealand, Italy and South Africa. The two most popular wine regions in Italy are Veneto and Trentino, where nearly half of the country's white wines come from. Veneto is the heart of Italian wine, boasting some of the finest Chardonnay and red wines in the world. With its extensive viticulture and climate similar to that of France, Veneto is an ideal place for grape growing, leading to high quality, full-bodied reds and whites. Some of the most famous Veneto vineyards include Paglia, Santa Margherita, Montalcino, Negrar, Guala, and Pagolin. Another Italian wine region is Tuscany, which also produces some of the country's best red wines like Valpolicella and Bellaccini. Its grape varieties like Torcolato, Lambrusco, Pinotage, and Sauvignon Blanc make it very dominant in the wine producing area. While Tuscany is small overall with relatively few acres devoted to grape growing, its rich history and architecture make it one of the most historically significant wine regions. Italian families even consider the Tuscany region their home. Campania is an island off the western coast of Italy. It is famous for its rich variety of local wine including such famous brands as Vino Nobile, Torcolato, and Lambrusco. It has a rich climate with cool summers and sun-kissed pastures and hillsides perfect for growing grape vines. It also has an outstanding tradition of producing excellent local wines, most notably its dry white wines like Pinot Noir. Umbria is a mountainous region of southern Italy. It produces some of Italy's best-known reds, including Valpolicella, a full-bodied blend of Merlot and tannin-tinted dry oak. It is often compared to France's Chateau Mouton-Rothschild. Umbria's famous dry red, Valpolicella, is said to have been developed from a blend of three different varietals: Sauternes, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Syrah. Its popularity has made it the country's best-selling dry red. Other popular varietals are the Zinfandel and the Robert Mondavi. Italian wines of the Veneto region, like the Valpolicella, are known for their fruity flavors and aromas. The grape varietal is Cabernet Sauvignon, specifically a species native to the Veneto. It is a medium-aged, crisp, dry red. Another well-known varietal in Italy is Pinot Noir, which comes in a number of varieties including the light-bodied Chardonnay and the very dry, earthy Prosecco. A well-known dry red grape is the straw, which grows abundantly in the central part of the country and is prized for its unique taste. Many of the most famous Italian wines have their roots in the Adriatic sea. The best known examples include Torrevieja, an Italian white wine; Lambrusco, a light golden wine; and Grange, which are made from a variety of dark-skinned grapes. All these are produced in regions with fertile soil, which makes them ideal for growing in Italy. Some of them even come from the Adriatic. Some of the more famed wine makers of the Adriatic include Diageo, Barolo, and Morinata. Brunello di Montalcino is a popular Italian red wine that comes from the Campania region near Venice. It is made from selected varieties of grapes, including the classic Brunello and the new variety called the Brunello di Montalcino. Although the name sounds similar, the main characteristics are different. Brunello is made from a red grape that produces a full-bodied dry wine while Montalcino is made from a different type of grape, one that produces a sparkling white wine. Both types are renowned for their complex taste and great aromas. If you are planning to buy Italian wines, then this is one of the best choices you could ever make.